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Material Balance

  • 1.  Material Balance

    Posted 01-15-2020 08:24
    Good day,

    Could you please suggest a book, or any literature, that provide an intermediate to advanced level of Material Balance?

    Much appreciated!

    Hashim Al Hajji
    Process Engineer
    Sauid Aramco

  • 2.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-16-2020 08:53
    I'm assuming you're already aware of the Felder and Rousseau (my former professor from Georgia Tech) book? Not sure if it would fit your advanced to intermediate request. It might be a bit basic as it's the first text that is used in most programs today still to teach mass balances.

    Debnil Chowdhury MBA
    Executive Director
    Houston TX

  • 3.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-17-2020 09:43
    You can go back to one of the classic texts in chemical engineering "Chemical Process Principles" by Hougen, Watson and Ragatz Part 1 Material and Energy Balances or Bennett & Myers "Momentum, Heat and Mass Transfer.

    Theodore Nedderman MS
    Wake Forest NC

  • 4.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-17-2020 09:49
    Hi Hashim,

    The Energy Institute in the UK put together a best practice for Hydrocarbon mass balances - "HM 31 Guide to Hydrocarbon Management in Petroleum Refinery Operations." At Emerson we have best practice seminars and consulting studies to help refineries/petchem plants improve mass balances, quantify uncertainties and financial risks etc. at a plant wide and process unit levels. We cover procedures, organizational structure, technology selection, installation.

    Meha Jha

    Meha Jha
    Refining Industry Marketing Manager Flow Solutions
    Emerson Automation Solutions
    Houston TX

  • 5.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-17-2020 14:20
    Good afternoon 
    I could recommend the book of Reklaitis, Mass and Energy Balances si as well the book of Himmelblau.

    Ivan Santiago

  • 6.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-17-2020 00:51
    I have used Himmelblau's book and strongly recommend it.

    Vishwas Pangarkar PhD
    Retired Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Mumbai, India.
    Currently: Independent Chemical Engineering Academic/Professional.
    Nasik-422013, India.

  • 7.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-18-2020 00:17

    with best regards

    Lalit Vashista
    Flowsep Technologies Pvt Ltd
    C-Wing , 7A, Crystal Plaza
    New Link Road, opp Infiniti Mall
    Andheri (W), Mumbai 400053

    +91 9833393837

  • 8.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-21-2020 08:53
    I've been a chem eng since 1967.  I never seen any text on material balances that I would call advanced.
    The principals of material (and energy) balance are pretty straightforward and apply to any problem.  The only difficulties that I encoutered (years ago) was when there were a great many components to balance, particularly when there were research streams.   What can make the these problems difficult (advanced) is the necessity of solving a great many simultaneous equations.  Of course, balances of any difficulty can be solved using matrix manipulation, which is what computer programs can readily accomplish.

  • 9.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-21-2020 12:10

    Chemical Process Principles-Part 1- Material & Energy Balances, by Hougen, Watson & Ragatz, John Wiley (2nd Ed is 1943) is a classic.  I still use it. Their method for setting up calculations is the standard.    Freeman Self, PE, FAIChE

    Level 3 - Bechtel Internal and Selected External Distribution

  • 10.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-22-2020 02:13
    This is a great subject.  There is no chemical engineering without the starting point of a good M&E balance.  

    The ultimate is the one we live in:  planet earth.  The reactions and interactions between land, water, atmosphere, life and outer space (mainly the sun) are exceedingly complex and changing every day.  

    We need a textbook on that one!

  • 11.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-22-2020 16:57

    I fully endorse what Freeman says about Hougen, Watson. If you really understand its basic principles you can still do every materials balance problem in the PE Exam.

  • 12.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-19-2020 21:11

    My first chemical engineering course (a sophomore course in 1947) used a McGraw-Hill Chemical Engineering Series text entitled "Industrial Stoichiometry" by Warren K. Lewis and Arthur H. Radasch.  As a heat and materials balance course, It was basically intended to determine if presumed chemical engineering aspirants really wanted to pursue that direction, or not.  It was quite effective.

    Emmett R. Miller, P.E., FAIChE

    [Emmett] [Miller] PE retired, FAICHE
    [Lafayette] [CA]

  • 13.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-20-2020 01:43
    Sure, there are other books like Lewis, Radasch & Lewis; Williams & Johnson. There's an excellent book from India by Bhatt & Vita as well.

  • 14.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-21-2020 00:22
    As-Salam Alaekum Hashim Al Hajji,
    If you want to follow the North American/USA curriculum, this is the book that's widely used for full Material balance course/training:
    "Elementary Principles Of Chemical Processes" Third or Later Edition By Richard M. Felder and Ronald W. Rousseau

    But if you want to follow European and African curriculum, this is the book that's widely used for full Material balance course/training:
    "Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering" Seventh or Later Edition By David M. Himmelblau and James B. Riggs.

    I have used both. They are very good.

    Other supplementary books are: 
    (1) "Chemical Engineering Material Balance and Process Calculations" A book for Universities and Colleges by Kingsley Augustine
    (2) "Problems on Material and Energy Balance Calculation" by K. Balu, N. Satyamurthi, S. Ramalingam, B. Deebika

    All of the above four books are available anywhere online around the world or Amazon.

    Good Luck!

    Najimdeen Adewuyi
    Laboratory Specialist
    Sinclair Oil Corporation
    Sinclair WY

  • 15.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-21-2020 00:15
    I also highly recommend Himmelblau's Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering.

    Dr. Himmelblau was the chairman of the Chemical Engineering Department at the University of Texas when I took CHE-317 as a second semester freshman and used this book.

    For the rest of my education at UT, a common expression was, "How could you not know that? That's basic 317!" which meant that it was a material balance problem, and you should have learned that from Himmelblau's book

    Steve Cutchen
    Investigator, retired
    US Chemical Safety Board
    Houston TX

  • 16.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-23-2020 00:31
    May I suggest that we should  be looking at big pictures and  Chemical Engineers provide solutions to Mankind.
    This Legionnaire disease   costing US Health Care $ 1 Billion / day and no cure.
    Please find attached are the following:
    1) Introduction
    2) Part 1 ( Problem )
    3) Part 2 ( Solution)
    kindest regards,
    Farouk A Mian
    Universal Technologies
    Houston, Tx 77072
    713 385 7478 


    H&E_Intro FINAL.pdf   1.14 MB 1 version
    Legionnaires_Part1-FINAL.pdf   2.47 MB 1 version

  • 17.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-24-2020 10:27

    On the subject of Legionella:

    It is primarily a disease, first associated with cooling towers. The solution to that particular source is chlorine or other proper disinfection.?? Back when EPA outlawed the use of Hexavalent Chromium in cooling towers (except for comfort cooling), they solved one problem but created another.?? The Cr+6 was also a good disinfectant, and its removal allowed the development of all kinds of microbial populations in cooling towers.???? Carrying a disinfectant in the cooling tower would reduce the incidence of Legionella.

    When Experience Counts, Use Global Environmental Operations, Inc.
    David L. Russell, PE, ASP
    Enjoy my new Book: 2nd Edition, Practical Wastewater Treatment, published by John Wiley and available in April 2019 Global Environmental Operations, Inc.
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  • 18.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-25-2020 11:44
    The solution is more complicated than ensuring a consistent concentration of oxidizing biocide ("disinfectant") in the cooling water - because the legioinella bacteria requires a host organism such as an amoeba or protazoa to reproduce - and these organisms typically reside in a complex bio-environment on the water-wetted surfaces of a cooling water system - i. e. sessile bacteria communities. Oxidizing biocides like chlorine and bromine are not effective at penetrating this layer of sessile bacteria - although chlorine dioxide and peroxide are effective.
    Reducing the incidence of legionellosis - infecting people - from cooling towers - is all about managing the risk of the release of bacteria from the cooling tower....similar to the Process Safety concept of "Control the hazard."

    Loraine Huchler, PE, CMC
    MarTech Systems, Inc.
    Lawrenceville, NJ

  • 19.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-28-2020 06:13

    Use of the weaker oxidizer monochloramine has shown success in that it penetrates layers containing weak reducing agents without being depleted as a strong oxidizer (such as chlorine) would. It finds strong reducing agents like the sulfhydryl groups in biota, disrupting cell protein generation.



    Mikel E Goldblatt, PE

    Senior Engineering Consultant, Water & Wastewater Treatment



    301 Holmecrest Road, Jenkintown, PA 19046  USA | solenis.com

    Office +1 215 316 1940 Mobile +1 215 316 1940



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  • 20.  RE: Material Balance

    Posted 01-24-2020 15:54
    Absolutely essential text:  Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, 8th Edition (Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemical Engineering Sciences) 8th Edition

  • 21.  RE: Material Balance